Romulus

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This article is about the founder and first king of Rome. For the mythical tale of Romulus and his twin brother Remus, see Romulus and Remus. For other uses, see Romulus (disambiguation).
Romulus
Romulus and his brother Remus from a 15th-century frieze, Certosa di Pavia
1st King of Rome
In office
c. mid to late 8th century BC
Succeeded byNuma Pompilius
Personal details
BornAlba Longa
DiedRome
Spouse(s)Hersilia
MotherRhea Silvia
FatherMars God of War
Ancient Rome
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
ancient Rome
Periods
  • Roman Kingdom
    753–509 BC
  • Roman Republic
    509–27 BC
  • Roman Empire
    27 BC – AD 395
  • Principate
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    AD 395–476
  • Eastern
    AD 395–1453
  • Timeline
Roman Constitution
  • Constitution of the Kingdom
  • Constitution of the Republic
  • Constitution of the Empire
  • Constitution of the Late Empire
  • Senate
  • Legislative assemblies
  • Executive magistrates
Precedent and law
  • Roman law
  • Ius
  • Imperium
  • Mos maiorum
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Assemblies
  • Centuriate
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Ordinary magistrates
  • Consul
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Extraordinary magistrates
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Titles and honours
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  • Other countries
  • Atlas
  • v
  • t
  • e
Religion in
ancient Rome
Marcus Aurelius (head covered)
sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter
Practices and beliefs
  • libation
  • sacrifice
  • votum
  • temples
  • festivals
  • ludi
  • funerals
  • Imperial cult
  • mystery religions
Priesthoods
  • Pontifices
  • Augures
  • Vestales
  • Flamines
  • Fetiales
  • Epulones
  • Fratres Arvales
Deities
  • List of Roman deities
  • Twelve major gods
  • Capitoline Triad
  • Aventine Triad
  • underworld gods
  • indigitamenta

Deified emperors:

  • Divus Julius
  • Divus Augustus
Related topics
  • Glossary of ancient Roman religion
  • Roman mythology
  • Ancient Greek religion
  • Etruscan religion
  • Gallo-Roman religion
  • Interpretatio graeca
  • Decline of Greco-Roman polytheism
  • v
  • t
  • e

Romulus (/ˈrɒmjələs/) was the legendary founder and first king of Rome. Various traditions attribute the establishment of many of Rome's oldest legal, political, religious, and social institutions to Romulus and his contemporaries. Although many of these traditions incorporate elements of folklore, and it is not clear to what extent a historical figure underlies the mythical Romulus, the events and institutions ascribed to him were central to the myths surrounding Rome's origins and cultural traditions.